Intimate dryness, often referred to as vaginal atrophy , is a common condition which can affect women at different stages of their life and which most often occurs mainly in cases of hormonal upheaval such as during pregnancy, or menopause but it can also be of medicinal or psychological origin.
It is essential to understand the causes, symptoms and management methods of this delicate problem in order to improve sexual well-being and overall quality of life.
How to diagnose vaginal dryness?
To diagnose vaginal dryness, various tests may be necessary:
- A gynecological examination and an exchange with the patient to identify, for example, the context in which symptoms appear or even the frequency.
- A vaginal sample for analysis to detect a possible vaginal infection.
- A blood test may be prescribed to carry out hormonal testing. We will try to measure the FSH level to highlight early menopause or an abnormal drop in hormones.
The causes of intimate dryness
Vaginal dryness can result from a variety of factors, including:
Menopause : The decrease in estrogen levels during menopause is one of the main causes of vaginal dryness.
Vaginal dryness is often associated with hormonal changes in women and this also includes hormonal changes during, childbirth, breastfeeding and postpartum. Additionally, it is important to note that certain medications, such as antihistamines or cancer treatments, can contribute to vaginal dryness.
Stress and Anxiety : Psychological factors such as stress and anxiety can influence vaginal lubrication.
Symptoms of Intimate Dryness
Women suffering from intimate dryness may experience various symptoms:
Discomfort or pain during sex:
Increased friction from lack of lubrication can lead to pain, called dyspareunia, burning, or discomfort during sexual intercourse.
Dryness can cause itching in the vulva and vaginal area. The delicate skin around the vagina can become irritated due to constant friction.
Due to decreased lubrication, the vulva may become more
In addition, the natural lubrication of the vagina helps maintain an environment sensitive to friction, tight clothing or healthy hygiene products by limiting bacterial growth. Dryness can increase the risk of vaginal infections.
Frequent need to urinate:
Some women may feel a frequent need to urinate due to irritation of the vaginal wall.
Alteration of intimate quality of life:
Intimate dryness can have a negative impact on sex life, leading to decreased sexual desire and apprehension about intimate relationships.
Redness and slight bleeding:
Dryness can also be associated with redness on the vulva. Due to the increased fragility of vaginal tissues, light bleeding may occur after sexual intercourse.
How to prevent vaginal dryness?
It is possible to limit the risks of vaginal dryness. For this, various hygiene measures are important to respect.
It is advisable to carry out intimate hygiene with soaps and gels with a neutral pH so as not to attack and risk unbalancing the vaginal flora, and to avoid perfumes on the intimate area.
Also avoid douching which can lead to an imbalance in the vaginal flora. Finally, it is recommended not to smoke, because tobacco interferes with good intimate lubrication .
To establish a precise medical diagnosis corresponding to your personal case or to find out more and have more information on your pathology, we remind you that it is essential to contact and consult a doctor.
What treatments to treat vaginal dryness?
To treat vaginal dryness, there are various treatments . The choice of treatment will depend on the cause identified. The gynecologist can, for example, advise the patient to use a lubricant applied locally , in the form of a gel or in the form of ovules to be inserted deep into the vagina. These solutions and products also provide more comfort during sex.
In the case of postmenopausal patients, hormonal replacement therapy , orally, subcutaneously or vaginally, can be offered for vulvar and vaginal dryness. Other treatments, natural this time, can also prove effective against intimate dryness. Finally, the emphasis should be placed on foreplay, which is an essential step in good natural lubrication. Estrogen creams , prescribed by a healthcare professional, can help restore lubrication.
Modification of Medications : Sometimes a modification of medications may be necessary in consultation with a physician.
Stress Management : Practicing stress management techniques, such as meditation, can help alleviate symptoms.
Laser treatment : This treatment helps the vaginal mucosa to regenerate. The mucous membrane becomes more supple and moist.
Intimate dryness is not uncommon, but it can have a significant impact on daily life and sexual health. By seeking appropriate solutions and communicating openly with health professionals , women can regain the well-being necessary to lead fulfilling lives.